Physics (Old Syllabus)

LEVEL 1
PHYS 11153 - Basic Physics for Audiology

Course Code:

PHYS 11153

Title:

Basic Physics for Audiology

Pre-Requisites:

O/L Science & Mathematics

Learning Outcomes:

At the end of the course unit, the student will be able to demonstrate (i) basic understanding on the fundamental physics concepts of current electricity, waves and vibrations, analogue and digital electronics and (ii) skills in applications and solving related problems.

Course Content:

Current Electricity

Electric current, drift velocity and mobility; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, I-V characteristics (Linear and Non-linear), electrical conductivity and classification of materials, superconductivity; carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors, series and parallel combinations of resistances and equivalent resistor. Temperature dependence of resistance, internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and e.m.f. of a cell, series and parallel combinations of cells, Electric power, thermal effect of current and Joule’s law. Kirchhoff laws and their simple applications. Wheatstone bridge and applications, Meter Bridge, potentiometer- principle and application to measure potential difference and for comparing e.m.f.

Electromagnetic induction, Faradays law, Induced e.m.f. and current, Lenz’s law. Introduction to Inductors, impedance of inductors, Capacitors, Capacitance of capacitors and LCR circuits.

 

Electronics

Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, p-n junction semiconductor, diode- characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, photo diode, LED, zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of transistor, Transistor as a switch, Amplifier in Common Emitter arrangement, and oscillator. Operational amplifiers; feedback-amplifiers (inverting, non-inverting). Digital Electronics; binary logic, Boolean Algebra, number systems, conversion from decimal to binary, binary coded decimal (BCD), binary addition, laws and rules of Boolean Algebra, truth tables, logic symbols, logic implementation, shape of gates, combinational logic circuits.

Waves and Vibrations

Free Vibrations; Simple harmonic oscillations (SHO), Energy of SHO, Amplitude, Velocity and Power Resonance, bandwidth. Waves; Displacement, Intensity, wave front, Superposition. Wave Phenomena; Doppler Effect, Dispersion, Phase and Group velocities, Beats. Amplitude and Frequency modulations. Transverse and Longitudinal Waves; Reflection and transmission, Ripple tank. Intensity and pressure amplitudes. Waves in transmission lines. Sound Waves; Properties of Sound and their Perception: Loudness, Relationship between energy and amplitude, Threshold of Hearing (TOH), Threshold of Pain, Physics of Human Ear, dB(A) scale.

Method of Teaching and Learning:

A combination of lectures and tutorial discussions

Assessment:

End of course written examination

Recommended Reading:

* Giancoli, D. C. (1998). Physics, Prentice Hall.

* Floyd, T. L. (2004). Electronic Devices, 6th Edition, Prentice-Hall International.

* David H., & Resnick, R. (1974). Fundamentals of Physics, John Wiley.

* Floyd, T. L. (1992). Digital Fundamentals, 6th Edition, Prentice-Hall International.

* Michael Nelkon, Philip Parker (1995). Advanced Level Physics, 7th Edition, Paperback, Heinemann International.

 

** Note : PHYS 11153 is offered for the BSc in Speech and Hearing Sciences programme conducted by the Department of Disability Studies, Faculty of Medicine.

LEVEL 2
PHYS 21234 - Physics of Waves and Optics

Course Code:

PHYS 21234

Title:

Physics of Waves and Optics

Pre-Requisites:

PHYS 12194

Co-Requisites:

PHYS 21241

Learning Outcomes:

At the end of the course, the student will be able show (i) basic understanding on the fundamental concepts of vibrations and waves, optical physics and their applications and (ii) skills in applications and solving problems.

Course Content:

Waves and Vibrations

Free Vibrations: Simple harmonic oscillations (SHO), Energy of SHO, Superposition of two SHO in 1-D and 2-D, Beats, Lissajues Figures. Damped Vibrations: Light, Critical and Heavy Damping, Amplitude decay, log dec., Energy loss. Forced Vibrations: Transient and steady state behaviours, Amplitude, Velocity and Power Resonance, Q value, bandwidth. Vibration insulation. Non-linear oscillations. Coupled Oscillators: Normal Modes, Resonance, N Coupled Oscillators. Waves: Displacement, Intensity, wave front, Superposition. Wave Phenomena: The Doppler effect, Dispersion, Particle, Phase and Group velocities, Beats. Amplitude and Frequency modulations. Transverse and Longitudinal Waves: Wave equations, Characteristic impedances, Reflection and transmission, Impedance matching, and Energy Propagation, Ripple tank. Intensity and pressure amplitudes. Waves in transmission lines, Coaxial cables. Fourier analysis.

 

Optics

Reflection and refraction at spherical surfaces, Prisms, Dispersion, Thin lenses, Lens makers’ formula, Compound lenses, Thick lenses and lens formula, Aberration, Optical instruments. Hygen’s Principle. Interference of Light; Concept of Optical Path, Young’s Double Slit Experiment. Fresnel’s Biprism. Lloyd’s Mirror. Interference Involving Multiple Reflections. Formation of Newton’s Rings. Non-reflecting Films. Interferometers. Fraunhofer Diffraction; Single Slit, Double Slit, Diffraction Grating, Circular Aperture. Chromatic Resolving Power. Fresnel Diffraction; Fresnel’s Half-Period Zones, Vibration Curve, Circular Aperture, Circular Obstacle. Zone Plate. Cornu’s Spiral. Fresnel’s Integrals. Polarization of Light; Polarisation by Dichroic Crystals, Double Refraction, Interference and Analysis of Polarised Light. Lasers; Resonance Radiation. Production of Laser Light. Holography. Applications of Lasers.

Method of Teaching and Learning:

A combination of lectures and tutorial discussions.

Assessment:

End of course written examination.

Recommended Reading:

* French, A. P. (9th edition). (1971). Vibrations and Waves, WW Norton & Company.

* Pain, H. J. (3rd edition). (1985). The Physics of Vibrations and Waves, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

* Subrahmanyyam, N. & Lal, B. (2nd edition). (2001). Waves and Oscillations, Vikas Publishing.

* Hecht, E. & Zajac, A. (1976). Optics, Addison-Wesley.

* Jenkins, F. A. & White, H. E. (1989). Fundamentals of Optics, McGraw-Hill.

LEVEL 3
PHYS 31282 - Electromagnetism

Course Code:

PHYS 31282

Title

Electromagnetism

Pre-Requisites:

PHYS 11172

Co-Requisites:

PHYS 31301

Learning Outcomes:

At the end of the course, the student will be able to demonstrate (i) knowledge and understanding on the fundamental concepts of electromagnetism (ii) ability of solving problems in relevant applications.

Course Content:

Electrostatics; Electrostatic Field, Divergence and Curl of E, Electrostatic Potential, Work and Energy in Electrostatics. Special Techniques for Calculating Potentials; Differential Form of Gauss’s Theorem, Poisson’s Equation, Laplace’s Equation, Boundary Value Problems, Method of Images. Electric Multipoles. Maxwell’s Equations in Electrostatics. Magnetostatics; Lorentz Force, Biot-Savart Law for Line-, Surface-, and Volume Currents, Divergence and Curl of B. Ampere’s Circuital Law. Magnetic Vector Potential. Magnetic Fields of Toroids and Solenoids. Maxwell’s Equations in Magnetostatics. Magnetic Materials; Paramagnetism, Diamagnetism, Ferromagnetism. Magnetisation.

Method of Teaching and Learning:

A combination of lectures and tutorial discussions.

Assessment:

End of course written examination.

Recommended Reading:

* Sears, F. W. (1951). Electricity and Magnetism, Addison-Wesley.

* Purcell, E. M. (1965). Electricity and Magnetism Berkeley Physics Course, McGraw-Hill.

* Jackson, J. D. (1975). Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley.

* Feynman, R. P., Leighton, R. B. and Sands, M. (1964). Feynman Lectures on Physics (Volume II).

LEVEL 4
PHYS 44014 - Quantum Mechanics

Course Code:

PHYS 44014

Title:

Quantum Mechanics

Pre-Requisites:

All PHYS Complusary Course Units

Learning Outcomes:

At the end of course, the students will be able to demonstrate advanced knowledge of Quantum Mechanics which describes the nature of microscopic world more accurately.

Course Content:

Formalism of quantum mechanics, Linear harmonic oscillators; Angular momentum; 3-Dimensional motion in a centrally symmetric field; Hydrogen atom; Matrix formulation in quantum mechanics; Total angular momentum; Spin; System of identical particles; Time independent perturbation theory; Spin orbit effect; Zeeman effect; Stark effect; Time dependent perturbation theory; Transition rates; Golden rule; Variational principle; Helium atom; Scattering; Partial wave analysis; Relativistic wave equation; The Dirac equation and its solution for a free particle.

Method of Teaching and Learning:

A combination of lectures, seminars and tutorial discussions.

Assessment:

End of course written examination.

Recommended Reading:

* Messiah, A. (1985).Quantum Mechanics Volumes I and II, North-Holland.

* Schiff, L. I. (1965, 3rd Edition). Quantum Mechanics, McGraw-Hill.

* Greiner, W. (1994). Quantum Mechanics, Springer.

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